reducing car dependence

Kicking the habit (part 1): some musings on the meaning of 'car dependence'.

The first part of a two-part paper attempts to define 'car dependence', indeed increase our understanding of this concept in relation to what cars provide. Transport choice is seen as part of consumption and activity; and urban form needs to be devised to reduce car dependence.

Kicking the habit (Part 2): What are the real options for reducing 'car dependence'?

The paper presents a two-part solution to car dependence: either fit behaviour to available transport technology, or adapt that technology to real needs and wants. Ideally, transport and communications technology will supplant the car as we know it, yet still provide the access and mobility that we demand.